Godfrey M. Hewitt (1940-2013) was President of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology (ESEB) from 1999-2001. He was exceptionally influential in evolutionary biology both through his research and through his mentoring of young scientists. He was also a great believer in seeing organisms in their environment first-hand and in exchanges of ideas between labs. Therefore, ESEB has decided to offer, annually, mobility grants for young scientists in his name.
More information about Godfrey M. Hewitt is available at the University of East Anglia, at Wikipedia, and at the Evolution Tree - The Academic Genealogy of Evolutionary Biology.
The award is open to PhD students or postdoctoral scientists who are, at the closing date for applications, both within 6 years of the start date of their PhD and ESEB members. The maximum single award will be 2000 Euros. It must be used to support fieldwork or a period of research at a lab that you have not previously visited. There is no restriction on the country of residence or nationality of the applicant but preference will be given to applicants who are unlikely to be able to fund the proposed work by other routes. Preference will also be given to self-contained or ‘seed-corn’ projects, rather than fundamental elements of already-funded PhD or postdoctoral projects, and to projects with a definable output that is achievable within the scope of the GHM award.
A report will be required after one year, by which time the funds must have been used.
The next call for applications will be announced approximately in fall 2015 on the ESEB web site.
Current and previous grantees of the Godfrey Hewitt Mobility Award are listed below.
Evolution of temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles
Applicant: Thomas Merkling, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Funding provided: € 900
Effects of genetics and environment on among‐individual variation in mitochondrial density and functioning in a natural bird population
Applicant: Jennifer Morinay, University Lyon 1 - CNRS, Villeurbanne, France
Funding provided: € 1750
Genomic imprinting of soldier-activity loci in polyembryonic parasitoid wasps
Applicant: Petri Rautiala, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Funding provided: € 1100
Grubs of doubt: The impact of stem-borers on Mercurialis annua life-history traits
Applicant: Luka Rubinjoni, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Funding provided: € 1750
Are males and females equally honest? Insights on the determinants of sexual ornaments in a sexually monomorphic bird species: the king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus)
Applicant: Quentin Schull, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
Funding provided: € 1750
Showing off in birds: is cooperativeness a mating signal? Experimental study manipulating the audience in the Sociable weavers, Philetairus socius
Applicant: Arnaud Tognetti, Institute for Advanced Study, Toulouse, France
Funding provided: € 1950
Meiotic Drive Frequency in Morrocan Drosophila
Applicant: Rudi Verspoor, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Funding provided: € 1600
Evolution of interactions between two spider mites species
Applicant: Salomé Clemente, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Funding provided: € 800
→ Summary: The Godfrey Hewitt Mobility Award allowed me to work under the supervision of Dr. Moya-Laraño, at the Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas- CSIC Almería, Spain. During the three short stays funded by this award we developed an Individual Based Model concerning the evolution of interactions of two closely related spider mite species. Tetranychus urticae and T. evansi compete in host plants, mainly Solenaceae, and it has been found that their competitive interactions in tomato plants are influenced by the fact that the two species have distinct capacities of dealing with tomato plant defenses. T. evansi is able to downregulate these defenses, while T. urticae does not have this ability and triggers the plant defenses upregulation. The aim of the model is to study the evolution of strategies under coexistence. For the first time we implemented multidimensional quantitative genetics in a haplodiploid system. The model we developed is spacially explicit and includes 3 traits: dispersal, induction/downregulation of defenses and assimilation efficiency.
The role of genetic structure and ecologically relevant genetic variation for the adaptive potential of Salix herbacea L.
Applicant: Andrés J. Cortés, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Funding provided: € 1500
→ Summary: I was participating in a transplant of Salix herbacea between alpine microhabitats (snowbeds and ridges) in the Swiss Alps. I was able to travel there for the second year thanks to a Godfrey Hewitt Mobility Award. This work was done in collaboration with other PhD students and researchers based in Davos and Konstanz and the experiment was financed by a Swiss Sinergia grant. Interestingly, we detected plasticity rather than adaptive differentiation and this fits well with the high levels of gene flow throughout the entire population that we have previously reported (see "Small-scale patterns in snowmelt timing affect gene flow and the distribution of genetic diversity in the alpine dwarf shrub Salix herbacea"). As we did not find any adaptive differentiation we did not pursue further genetic studies of this material, rather we concentrated on a more range wide sampling in order to establish genotype-phenotype associations and to identify genetic regions under selection.
Evolution in real time: The invasion of Drosophila suzukii
Applicant: Antoine Fraimout, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
Funding provided: € 1500
→ Summary: My PhD project focus on the evolution of genetic variation in the context of biological invasion. To address this question I am studying the recent invasion of Europe and the USA by the Asian spottedwing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii. The first chapter of my PhD is focused on the evolution of the G-matrix in the invasive populations of D. suzukii compared to their native counterparts, using quantitative genetics and controlled breeding design from live D. suzukii stocks. The second chapter is centered on the inference of the invasion routes of D. suzukii using microsatellite markers and Bayesian models to test for different invasion scenarios and discriminate the most probable routes of introduction of the species. Both these projects need a large amount of samples from native and invaded areas of D. suzukii. Thanks to the Godfrey Hewitt Mobility Award, I was able to travel to Japan, one of D. suzukii's native area, to collect precious samples for my project. This mission was also a great opportunity to meet and collaborate with Japanese researchers who greatly helped my project.
Spatiotemporal variation in assortative mating in Darwin's Finches
Applicant: Kiyoko Gotanda, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Funding provided: € 2000
→ Summary: My goal is to understand spatiotemporal variation in assortative mating and its association with spatiotemporal variation in disruptive selection – both of which will be related to environmental variation and phenotypic properties of an incipient species. To do this, I worked with a group of researchers who are studying spatiotemporal variation in selection and beak shape in Darwin’s finches on the Galápagos Islands. The Godfrey Hewitt Award allowed me to conduct my field work in the Galápagos where I planned to collect data between populations and compare it to previously collected data to assess spatiotemporal variation in assortative mating. However the breeding season started later than expected, so I focused my field work on understanding how humans are altering selection on beak shape in Darwin’s finches. The role of human influence is another component of the long term research studying Darwin’s finches.
Parasites of Artemia: recognizing the players in a complex system
Applicant: Eva Lievens, University Montpellier 2 & Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CNRS), France
Funding provided: € 1547
→ Summary: The Godfrey Hewitt Mobility Award allowed me to visit Dr. Marta Sánchez at the Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC) in Sevilla, Spain, as part of my PhD research on host-parasite coevolution in Artemia. Artemia (brine shrimp) are often heavily parasitized, and are mainly infected by cestodes (which use them as an intermediate host) and microsporidia. The main purpose of my visit was to learn how to identify the eleven different cestode species infecting Mediterranean brine shrimp, most of which are not easily detected or differentiated. This skill will be very useful as I track the cestode prevalence in my sample populations. I also sampled local Artemia and experimentally investigated the impact of pollution on infection by microsporidia. Finally, I was able to exchange ideas and start some collaborations with the scientists at the Estación Biológica de Doñana during my visit.
The evolution of self-organized dominance hierarchies
Applicant: Andrés Quiñones, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Funding provided: € 1700
→ Summary: Dominance hierarchies are widespread in animal societies. Individuals at the top of the hierarchy get priority access to resources. From behavioural observations, it is known that hierarchies are determined by a series of antagonistic interactions, where the winners attain the top of the hierarchy. However, engaging in antagonistic interactions implies some costs because individuals can die while fighting. How should individuals balance their enrolment in antagonistic interactions, given that they face a trade-off between access-to-resources and survival? During my lab visit at Professor Theraulaz’s group in Toulouse, I addressed this question using an evolutionary model where natural selection drives behavioural strategies that determine individuals’ enrolment in antagonistic fights. I find that the trade-off, between survival and access-to-resources, causes a branching point. Therefore, two different strategies evolve. One that engages in many fights and monopolize resources, but runs the risk of dying. And another one, that fights less often and enjoys high survival, but is less likely monopolize resources. These two strategies are maintained in the population by frequency-dependent selection.
Investigating the influence of environmental change on species extinction
Applicant: Jessica Thomas, Bangor University, UK / University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Funding provided: € 1700